Creating a National Emblem
With the collapse and ousting of the Qing dynasty in 1912, China was in a state of political upheaval. Dynastic China had come to an end, and the newly founded Republic of China was looking to establish itself as the new governing body. In this restructuring and establishment of the new state, as is very common, new coinage was to be struck. However, the dragon – a common sight on imperial currency – was now no longer acceptable as a symbol on Chinese currency due to its imperial connotations, and with dynastic China out of favour in the eyes of the majority of Chinese people at the time, a new emblem was deemed necessary.
The famous writer and political activist Lu Xun, along with Qian Daosun and Xu Shoushang – all three of them holding positions in the Ministry of Education – were assigned the duty of creating a new national emblem. They presented their new emblem, the Twelve Symbols, to the...https://www.chinesecoins.com/1923-dragon-and-phoenix-dollar/